What Is Antitrust Agreement

Many countries have comprehensive laws that protect consumers and regulate how businesses conduct their business. The aim of these laws is to create a level playing field for similar companies operating in a particular sector, while preventing them from gaining too much power over their competitors. Simply put, they prevent companies from gambling dirty to make a profit. These are called antitrust laws. Real estate professionals can limit their exposure to antitrust violation claims by avoiding the behavior described above as illegal. In addition, however, real estate professionals should recognise that the outcome of legal proceedings in general and antitrust proceedings in particular does not necessarily depend on the factual facts about the allegedly illegal conduct. The outcome of trials depends entirely on what the judge or jury considers to be the relevant moment based on the evidence presented at trial. In addition, price fixing or other antitrust conspiracies are rarely created or proven by direct evidence of an agreement, such as . B a document signed by all parties to the conspiracy. On the contrary, antitrust conspiracies are most often supported by inferences drawn from competitors` actions, such as.B. private discussions about prices and the subsequent uniformity of prices charged by participants in those discussions. For this reason, antitrust compliance programs aim both to avoid behaviors that give the appearance of a conspiracy and to avoid behaviors that complement or advance that conspiracy.

Third, antitrust laws are changed when they are perceived as interference in the media and freedom of expression or are not strong enough. Newspapers benefiting from joint operation agreements enjoy limited antitrust immunity under the Newspaper Preservation Act 1970. [42] More generally, and in part due to concerns about cross-media ownership in the United States, media regulation is subject to specific laws, and especially the Communications Act of 1934 and the Telecommunications Act of 1996, under the direction of the Federal Communications Commission. The historical policy has been to use the licensing powers of the state directly to promote plurality. Antitrust laws do not prevent companies from using the legal system or political process to activate competition. .

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