What Was The First Major Peace Agreements In The Middle East

Following the failure of bilateral talks and the resumption of the conflict, the Saudi peace plan presented at an Arab summit in Beirut in March 2002 is the result of a multilateral approach, in particular the desire of the Arab world as a whole to put an end to this dispute. The Camp David negotiations were followed by meetings first in Washington, then in Cairo and Taba, Egypt, with no results. Subsequently, in March 2002, the Arab League proposed the Arab Peace Initiative in Beirut. The plan called on Israel to withdraw to the pre-1967 borders in order to establish a Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. In exchange, Arab countries would accept recognition of Israel. The second agreement was the framework of The Camp David for the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel. The Israeli withdrawal from Sinai followed in 1979. This was the first recognition of Israel as a state by a large Arab country. The talks are probably the most successful negotiations in the entire peace process. The treaty lasted and greatly strengthened Israel`s position. But the peace between Egypt and Israel has not been warm. President Sadat himself was later assassinated. Despite attempts by extremists on both sides to sabotage the peace process by force, the Israelis completed their withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and Jericho in May 1994.

In July, Arafat entered Jericho with much Palestinian acclaim and founded his government – the Palestinian Authority. In October 1994, Arafat, Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their reconciliation efforts. The decision of the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain to normalize relations with Israel was made with the knowledge and approval of Saudi Arabia. Riyadh may act differently, but it clearly agrees with this new direction for the Middle East. The recent agreements with Israel are therefore only the tip of the iceberg in terms of changes in the region`s strategies and we must wait to see what the long-term prospects of these agreements really are. The United States recognizes that the successful signing and implementation of the Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement will have a significant impact on the region`s economic prospects. In Bahrain, the international community stressed its commitment to the economy and its necessity, as well as its viability after the signing of a peace agreement. In a speech to the UN General Assembly in September 2018, Mahmoud Abbas called Donald Trump`s policy towards the Palestinians an “attack on international law.” He said the United States was “too biased with Israel,” suggesting that others could play a mediating role and that the United States could participate as a member of the Middle East Peace Quartet. [99] Abbas reaffirmed this position at a meeting of the UN Security Council on 11 February 2020. [99] Daniel Shapiro, who served as U.S. ambassador to Israel during the Obama administration, said normalization was a positive step that could potentially improve prospects for peace. Direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians began on 29 July 2013 after US Secretary of State John Kerry attempted to restart the peace process.

The Beersheba region covers the entire Beersheba sub-district, including the Negeb and the eastern part of the Gaza sub-district, but without the city of Beersheba and the areas described in relation to the Arab state. It also includes a strip of land along the Dead Sea, stretching from the Beersheba-Hebron border to “Un Geddi,” as described with respect to the Arab state.

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