After the Salinian-Indian War and the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965, India made significant changes to its foreign policy. It developed close ties with the Soviet Union and received massive military equipment and financial support from the USSR. This has had a negative impact on indo-us relations. The United States saw Pakistan as a counterweight to pro-Soviet India and began providing former military aid. This has created an atmosphere of suspicion between India and the United States. Indo-American relations suffered a serious setback when the Soviets took control of Afghanistan and India secretly supported the Soviet Union. Afghanistan`s new democratically elected government has strengthened relations with India in the wake of persistent tensions and problems with Pakistan, which continues to protect and support the Taliban.   India is pursuing a policy of close cooperation to strengthen its position as a regional power and to contain its rival, Pakistan, which supports Islamist fighters in Kashmir and other parts of India in the event of disadvantage.  India is the largest regional investor in Afghanistan and has allocated more than $2.2 billion for reconstruction.  Relations between Austria and India concern bilateral relations between Austria and India. Indo-Austrian relations were established in May 1949 by Jawaharlal Nehru, India`s first prime minister, and Austrian Chancellor Leopold Figl.  Historically, Indo-Austrian relations were particularly strong and India intervened in June 1953 in favour of Austria, while negotiations with the Soviet Union on the Austrian State Treaty were under way.  In Vienna, the capital of Austria, there is a fully operational Indian embassy, which is also accredited to the United Nations offices in the city.
 Austria is represented in India by its Embassy and Trade Commission in New Delhi, the Indian capital, and with denkkonsulates in Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai and Goa.  Things could have been so easily different. In May 2014, shortly after his election, Prime Minister Narendra Modi invited his counterparts from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka – members of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) – to his inauguration. It was a skilful exercise in public diplomacy, because no previous Prime Minister had made such an important gesture. It also corresponded to the campaign manifesto of his Bharatiya Janata Party, which had promised to improve relations with India`s neighbours. India has played an important role in the multilateral movements of colonies and new independent countries that have become a non-aligned movement.